The breed dates back to the end of the seventeenth century, in the northwest corner of North America, and in particular a large area covering what is now part of the states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho and Montana. It was a land inhabited by American Indians of Persia, and this is their vision and horse riding breeding practices that Appaloosa owes its success.
Although Persia has developed this spotted breed of spotted horses long history, with images of spotted horses, and they & # 39 are in prehistoric European cave paintings from about 17,000 BCE spotted loshadeya, in particular, the Austrian Noriker and Danish Knabstrup – was extremely popular in Europe and were in great demand from the sixteenth century to address the increasingly popular riding school. Many of the revered Spanish horses, as well, including the revered Andalucian if exposed speckled coat colors.
Horses made to America by Spanish conquistadors transported powerful gene spotted coat, which spread up in North America, the Spaniards continued their search. Shoshone tribe from southern Idaho became big horse dealers, and it was great with the Shoshone, the Persians, whose territory was further to the north and west, bought their stock horses. Persia & # 39; land with, with fertile plains and the covered areas was very well suited for growing horses, and the tribe quickly established a large breeding stock. Unlike many Indian tribes, the Persian began specifically to improve their horses to the implementation of breeding programs. Only the best horses were saved as stallions, while those of low quality were castrated. The tribe has kept the best of his breeding stock and get rid of the poor horses through trade with other tribes. The number of horses has grown rapidly, and Percy became a wealthy tribe based on their huge stock of horses. In the early 1800s, American explorer Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809) described the Persian & # 39; first horse as a "master race, they are elegantly formed, active and durable."
Color was an important factor for the Persian, and not just for decoration and decorative purposes, but also for masking. However, their main task was to develop at a dilution of all-around horse great stamina, speed and toughness, and the one that was able to survive on sparse rations. Their horses became renamed for these qualities and have been able to pull the plow, they had to cover long distances at high speed with a rider. The most valuable of their horses while opposing the company used and were fast, flexible, and intelligent, the most honored of them were spotted ones.
Spotted horse belonging to Persia were described as a Palouse horse white settlers, who took the name from the Palouse River, passing through the territory of Persia. Later, the horse became known as «Palouse» while Appalousey. Name Appaloosa breed was not given until 1938 with the formation of the Appaloosa Horse Club, created to back up the rock. About fifty years ago, however, the brave, the spotted breed was almost destroyed during the Nez Perce War fought between the American Indians and the US government in 1877. Persia was able to outsmart and overtake the United States cavalry for more than three months and after 1300 miles (2092 km) treacherous terrain, solely because of the durability and endurance of their horses Appaloosa. Persia were invincible in battle, but he never gave up in order to prevent further difficulties for people who are trying to survive the cold winters of Montana. terms of surrender stated that they could return to their land in the spring of their horses, but instead they were sent to North Dakota and many of their favorite and expensive animals slaughtered. Some escaped, others were later rounded pastoralists and used or sold.
After that, some of the horses that lived quickly dispersed at auction and made several individual and ranchers who have recognized their innate qualities and started breeding them. In 1937 Western Horseman magazine published an article about the Appaloosa written by Francis Haines, sparking public interest in the breed. In the following year Claude Thompson, breeder of spotted horses, along with several others, and created the Appaloosa Horse Club, to reserve and promote the horse. Until 1947, there were two hundred horses and a hundred registered members. Just three decades later, under the leadership of George Hatley, the club had a phenomenal figure of more than 300,000 horses registered, making it the third-largest light horse breed registry. During this regeneration Appaloosa was the introduction of some Arab blood and significant impact on horses, which can be seen in the muscular part of the modern Appaloosa.
In 1994, the year of the Persian tribe is now based in Idaho beginning a breeding program to develop a Persian horse. The purpose of this program, which is based on the removal of the old stock with Appaloosa gasped CURRENT stallions to produce an elegant, tough, flexible and mobile horse that is equal in quality to the original Persian horses. Some, though not all, of these horses show their spotted coat pattern Appaloosa Heritage, although they tend to adhere to the sleeker, thinner frame Akhal Teke. Appaloosa today is considered one of the most beautiful breeds of horses (link) in the world!