While Wallace Nutting was busy photographing relatively tame back roads of New England, F. Jay Haynes (1853-1921) was as busy photographing much less tame western American frontier. With photographic car & # 39; eray, since the mid-1870s, of Haynes photographic tradition passed along to his son, Jack Ellis HaynesThat lasted a few Haynes & # 39; I have business pictures before the 1950s. Both father and son probably contributed more to popularize the Yellowstone National Park than anyone else, and the results of their work actively raising an increasing number of collectors today.
Born in saline, Michigan, Frank Jay Haynes began his photographic car & # 39; career around 1874 in Michigan and Wisconsin, in 1876 he opened his own studio in Moorhead, Minnesota, and in 1879, when it became apparent that Fargo, North Dakota becomes a major city, 26-year-old Haynes transferred main studio there. His early photographic commissions were mostly species portrait. This part of his business turned out to be an immediate success, and at the peak of his early car & # 39; EASURES he had two employees in its creation Fargo, the only goal was to make portraits.
Until the 1870s railways skilled artists typically use drawn sketches or entertainment Western views to exaggerate scenery offered by their respective tracks. Wet plate photography was a standard photographic process at this time. It usually involved a bulky camera negatives of heavy glass plates and portable darkrooms needed for the development of the sensitized negatives almost immediately after their original photographic exposure and difficulty of using this process in the harsh conditions of the western US will be apparent.
Haynes car & # 39; EPA has made a big twist at the end of 1870, when the Northern Pacific Railroad hired him to be their "official photographer". In addition to fair wages, Haynes was rebuilt Pullman car, which became his personal studio rolling. His work has been carefully photographing of & # 39; the objects of the railway, such as stations, bridges, rail yards, cars and rolling stock, and buildings of the company. Haynes also photographed the beautiful countryside, where the railroad tracks went … horse, wild animals, coach, military forts, trading posts, the Indians, wigwams, river boats, etc. the northern part of the Pacific Ocean, then to use the photo Haynes & # 39; in the advertising and travel brochures, hoping to attract more commercial and passenger business for the railroad.
Haynes has also contributed his own photography business during business travel by rail. Recognizing the need for a professional photographer among the rising of the & # 39; settlers volume, which move to the west, of Haynes will advertise in the local newspapers from the North Pacific that Haynes Palace Studio car will be in the city on a certain day, and that his photographic services will be available in cities that do not have a permanent professional photographer. This timely notification allowed seven & # 39; yam to go into town in the family van, dressed in Sunday best, for the annual family photogravure. Companies, traders and those who need photo services can take advantage of its availability. Haynes then execute it develops and processing directly in his car rolling studio, thereby earning as private commissions and the railroad to pay. Haynes traveled to Dakota, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington for the North Pacific and in Yellowstone in 1882-1883, taking a large number of ideas, no matter where he went.
He continued to work with Haynes Gallery railcar studio from 1885-1905,. He moved his studio in St. Paul, Minnesota in 1889 and has traveled throughout the West and Alaska earned a reputation as one of the best photographers of the early West.
F Jay Haynes also covers a variety of special events during its car & # 39; EASURES. For example, in 1883, President Chester A. Arthur, together with the party, which included a lieutenant-general, minister of war, and US senator, traveled on horse back tours Ft. Washakie, The Tetons and Yellowstone Park. When fresh horses previously located every 20 miles to ensure traveling party with communication with the outside world, F J. Haynes traveled with this party as the official photographer
Because of his familiarity with photographic requirements necessary for the promotion of Haynes railroad also hired by the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1881 as the first official photographer as well. While working in the Canadian Pacific Haynes use stereo cameras and stereo cards sold to idealize the Canadian Pacific route, and was rewarded with free, unlimited use of the railway crossing in honor of his achievements.
But it was the beauty of Yellowstone Park, which would capture most of Haynes life. Haynes work in Yellowstone began in the early 1880s and in 1884 he became the first official photos of Yellowstone. Yellowstone was the first national park ever appointed by the federal government and F Jay Haynes received the first federal license granted for the use of photographic concession in Yellowstone Mammoth Hot Springs. Haynes opened the log Cabin studio, which served as Yellowstone for years selling pictures to tourists.
Photography is not only Haynes business venture in Yellowstone. North Pacific Haynes used a photo to attract tourists to visit Yellowstone and the western US patent, but after they arrived, someone had to take them to the train station in their homes and around Yellowstone Park. Re-enter the F Jay Haynes. later, his short-lived Yellowstone National Park Transport Company was replaced Monida and Yellowstone Stage Line, which became the main carrier of passengers entering through the western entrance to Yellowstone Park. At its peak stage Haynes & # 39 line, there were 18 coaches and surreys and is responsible for transporting almost 40% of all annual visitors to Yellowstone. However, in 1916, control of the newly created national park was transferred to the National Park Service, which terminated the contract of carriage Haynes and replace it with a motorized transport company under their direct control.
Partly due to the closure of its transport business, and partly because of his age, of Haynes retired in 1916, turning control of business photos of his son … Jack Ellis Haynes. F Jay Haynes died in 1921.
Although Jack Ellis Haynes continued to sell hand-colored photographs, negatives made with the parents, most of his work consisted of the construction works of the production of prints of his father, including postcards, tourist brochures, Yellowstone travel books, etc. picture of Jack Ellis Haynes as a rule, not as a collectible, like his father. Jack ran the family business until 1950. He hoped that his daughter will be the third generation to lead something & # 39; and Yellowstone Business Park, but his only child of Haynes Lida, was killed in a car accident in 1952 at the age of 20, Jack Ellis Haynes died in 1964.
On the & # 39; Haynes amount of work was enormous. Attached to 2400 Stereoviews, Haynes released thousands of cabinet cards, thousands of individual and family portraits, as well as tens of thousands of hand-colored photographs. To date, over 24,000 glass negatives from Haynes collection located in the historic community of Montana. They include photographs of Haynes Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Washington, Idaho, Alaska, many of his paintings of the North Pacific Railroad, and, of course, his images of Yellowstone Park.
What types of Haynes Memorabilia collected today? Probably a lot more than you might think.
Types of Yellowstone Park: Perhaps the Holy Grail F Jay Haynes gathering presentation portfolio Yellowstone early paintings under the title "Types of Yellowstone Park". Henry Vihlein (1844-1922), a nephew of Joseph Schlitz (founder and owner of Milwaukee Schlitz Brewery), commissioned by Haynes to take a series of 12 Yellowstone hand-painted pictures, which were then bound in leather-bound books and high-quality data in a very limited number of his friends and colleagues. We just have personally seen one of these full of books, and they are extremely rare and desirable among collectors Haynes.
Photos and Stereocards: Haynes account card, Carte-de-attended, portraits, and stereo card are highly sought after on the collectors' photographs. Subject and conditions usually determine the value.
Hand-Colored photos: Haynes hand tinted photographs are highly sought after by collectors the early 20th century. hand-colored photographs. Virtually the only hand-colored kinds of Haynes, you will find in from Yellowstone Park, and usually include Old Faithful, other geysers, animal, Great Falls, Lower Falls, and other magnificent views of the entire park. These photos were hand painted in oils in the studio and Haynes, usually sold for visitors to Yellowstone and tourists, and some of them are much less likely than others.
The most desirable from the & # 39 are Haynes early hand-colored albumen print, which often unsigned and unmarked anyway. This early hand colored photo, released himself F Jay Haynes, tend to be more desirable than the later paintings, his son released.
Most often, the photos were impressed with Haynes'Haynes"Name and not signed in pencil or pen. usually "Haynes, Yellowstone Park"Qi"Haynes Studio, St Paul"Struck by the small letters, either in the image or in the matting. Usually no more than 30+ commercial titled Yellowstone Sun have been sold, but they came in a variety of sizes (2.5×5 "to 24×36") and in several different formats (matte and large framed, rectangular and round frames, etc.) . round frame and large size quite unusual.
booksAlthough it is not the author of several books have been written about F Jay Haynes including "after Frontier"(Freeman tilde) and"F Jay Haynes, photographer"(Montana Historical Society). Each of these books include a significant Haynes biographical information and reproductions of many of his photographs.
Yellowstone Park GuidesHaynes manual was published and updated almost every year between 1890-1966. They were widely regarded as the best Yellowstone Guides in print and includes facts and trivia about Yellowstone Park, along with, of course, a lot of pictures Haynes Yellowstone. Most manual Haynes & # 39; were from later Jack Ellis Haynes years.
Printing Machine Made: As time progressed and technology, Haynes & # 39; hand-colored photographs have been replaced with less expensive production car color lithographic prints. These prints were sold both individually and in packaged portfolios. Machine production of prints with the late Jack Ellis Haynes years and as a collector Haynes & # 39; hand-painted pictures.
Postcards, greeting cards and photo printing Folders: Photos Haynes Yellowstone were widely sold through a variety of customized greeting cards, gift cards, and a small folder printing. They were sold both Haynes and through other suppliers Yellowstone. Most of them were from later Jack Ellis Haynes years.
Yellowstone souvenir bookletsOver the years, Haynes released a studio or your own souvenir photo, took some pictures with Yellowstone Haynes & # 39 are in Yellowstone photo albums and booklets issued by others. We have seen at least six of these albums, and, most likely, there are many others. Most of them were from later Jack Ellis Haynes years.
Other Memorable YellowstoneWe also saw other things, not Haynes sold under the name «Haynes» is attached. For example, we have seen "old Faithful"The etching, which carried as the name of the original artist, along with"Haynes"Name. We have seen R Atkinson Fox Yellowstone printing, which carried both "fox"The name of the print and"Haynes"The name hit into the mat. We have seen, government publications Yellowstone, which showed Haynes photos. And we even saw a hand-colored glass frame, designed to attract the sunlight through the old faithful.
So, next time you hear the name "F Jay Haynes"Yellowstone Park and the western part of the United States should immediately come to mind.